Training Programs

Training Programs

NL Waterfront

The NL Waterfront option builds on the fundamental skills, knowledge and values taught in the Bronze Programs to train lifeguards in safety supervision and rescue in a waterfront environment.

Prerequisites: 16 years old, Bronze Cross (need not be current), and Standard First Aid OR another NL option (need not be current).

Evaluation: All items are evaluated by a National Lifeguard Instructor and/or National Lifeguard Examiner who holds an NL Waterfront certification.

Use of equipment: Wetsuits and goggles may be used throughout the course. Fins may be used where indicated in the test item notes.

Test items:

  1. Through practical activities, candidates answer questions on the principles and techniques of lifeguarding included in the NLS test items. In addition, candidates prepare to answer questions drawn from the Canadian Lifesaving Manual (CLM) and Alert: Lifeguarding in Action.
    1. Demonstrate aerobic endurance: Run 100 metres with a rescue aid; enter water and swim 100 metres to recover a conscious victim; tow victim 100 metres in 6 minutes or less.
    2. Demonstrate anaerobic fitness: Approach 5 metres on beach with rescue aid and fins; enter water and don fins; swim 50 metres.
    3. Demonstrate strength and fitness: Approach 5 metres on the beach; enter water to turn over and recover a passive or unconscious victim in waist-deep water; return victim to shore and carry or drag 15 metres from the water’s edge.
  2. Through practical activities wherever possible, candidates demonstrate an understanding of facility analysis, hazards and water quality/control unique to a waterfront.
  3. Demonstrate effective communication with patrons, victims, other lifeguards, supervisors and emergency service personnel.
    1. Demonstrate effective waterfront supervision using observation skills and scanning techniques.
    2. Demonstrate effective waterfront supervision using lifeguard positioning and rotation.
    3. Demonstrate ability to recognize situations in which early lifeguard intervention may prevent a rescue emergency.
  4. Demonstrate three entries with a rescue aid and three removals appropriate for a waterfront environment.
  5. Demonstrate effective use of a rescue board or rescue craft: Approach 5 metres (max.) on a beach; enter the water with rescue craft; pick up a victim 100 metres distant and return to shore.
  6. Demonstrate skin diving: Wearing mask, fins and snorkel, swim 5 metres at the surface; head-first surface dive and swim 15 metres underwater; surface, purge snorkel and swim 5 metres at surface.
  7. Demonstrate an effective search of a waterfront for a missing person in both a leadership role and as a team member.
    1. Demonstrate effective management of a distressed or drowning victim in deep water.
    2. Demonstrate effective management of a submerged, non-breathing victim and perform 10 cycles of 30 compressions: 2ventilations on a CPR manikin.
    3. Demonstrate effective management of a suspected spinal-injured victim with the assistance of back-up lifeguards and bystanders.
    4. Demonstrate effective management of an injured swimmer.
  8. Respond to emergency situations as a single lifeguard and as both a member and leader of a lifeguard team.